The right to be heard and participatory video-making

Annette Jaitner, Senior Programme Coordinator in our Africa and the Middle East Department, writes about an alternative approach some of our African chapters are using to engage people in anti-corruption work

Our African chapters in Ghana, Liberia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia are supporting poor communities to make their films that highlight the problems they face.

I first encountered Participatory Video at a training session in 2009 and immediately saw the potential it holds for our work in Africa, engaging poor people in dialogue with their governments and public service providers, demanding for responsiveness to their concerns.

“There exists a culture of silence especially with the poor and marginalized. This needs to be overcome in order to change social and economical circumstances of the poor” says Carlos Muhla from the Human Rights League (Liga dos Direitos Humanos) in Gaza Province, Mozambique, a partner of our chapter, the Centre for Public Integrity (CIP).

Making a video is an easy and accessible way to explore issues, voice concerns for intervention from those concerned or simply to be creative and tell stories.

Implementing PV

The Centre for Transparency and Accountability in Liberia (CENTAL), the TI National Chapter in Liberia, worked with PV in Gbanchu Community. The community made their own film to advocate for the building of a school in their village. The people of Gbanchu showed their PV to the local education official who admitted he had been unaware of their marginalisation and made a commitment to support the school construction.

The community anti-corruption activists in Hokwe, Gaza Province, Mozambique, used PV to film their concerns about the availability of potable water in their community. After presenting the film to the relevant authority, several water points in the village were rehabilitated.

Voluntary Accountability Groups in Uganda with support from TI Uganda used PV to document the work of the Voluntary Accountability Groups on health, agricultural extension, and fisheries and to advocate for better service delivery in the sectors.

Local Water and Sanitation Committees in Ga East, Ghana, together with community members and facilitators from the Ghana Integrity Initiative (GII), the TI National Chapter in Ghana, produced a film to advocate for more transparency and accountability and improved services in the water sector.

See participatory videos from Uganda and Liberia.

Reviewing PV

We recently held a meeting where the six chapters reviewed the impact of making these videos. PV allowed them to build close relationships with communities. Members of those communities have learned to use video as a medium amplify their voices.

Personally, I believe that participation is all about building relationships and trust – and that requires time and commitment. Participatory work is not about quick results, it is about the process of empowerment.

Participatory video is a means of supporting this process of empowerment, starting from communities analyzing their situation, discussing alternatives and finding solutions, to actually taking active steps and monitoring them. The films they make can be used documentation to call on governments for change.

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Annette Jaitner

About Annette Jaitner

Annette Jaitner is Senior Programme Coordinator in the Africa and Middle East Department at Transparency International.

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5 Responses to The right to be heard and participatory video-making

  1. Dr Ian McCormick 5 October 2011 at 10:44 am #

    I thought that this blog was very useful for anyone working on community development, regeneration and human rights issues. You explain that PV is easy and effective as a tool and show how it works in easy steps. I’ve recommended it to members of my International Community Film Forum and Festival members on Facebook, and to Twitter followers. We have been using community film in the UK to work with minority ethnic groups, schoolchildren, and drug addicts working on recovery. It is both empowering and emancipatory. We also believe that it has an impact which is sustainable and lasting, compared to other forms of intervention. If you need further information check out the entry on Community Film and Participatory Video on Wikipedia, for an overview.

  2. Awelana Addah 10 October 2011 at 3:41 pm #

    PV is really an empowerment tool that can be used by all, not withstanding their educational capacbilities. We in Ghana comtinue to explore avanues to further use the concept to empower and bridge the gap between communities, service providers and duty bearers.

  3. Anderson D. Miamen 11 October 2011 at 4:34 pm #

    PV is a powerful community engagement tool that unifies people and builds their confidence levels to act independently. It makes people self-reliant and determined to take actions and address their own concerns rather than counting on others to do it.

    Participatory video is also an effective accountability and transparency tool, especially when used for monitoring and evaluation purposes. Pictures and videos can be taken and produced to portray how public resources are being expended for example on infrastructural projects, whether judiciously or otherwise. It can be used as well to document commitments of public service providers for follow up purposes in the future to ascertain fulfillment of those promises/commitments.

    It is quite fascinating working with communities using PV. Try it and you definitely will experience the joy and excitement associated therewith.

  4. Annette Jaitner
    Annette Jaitner 12 October 2011 at 10:47 am #

    Thank you all for your comments. In addition to the useful links Ian McCormick provided I can recommend the website of InsightShare, which provides ample resource material for all interested in the approach. The InsightShare team – which supported us greatly in our PV work – can look back to more than 10 years of experience with PV globally and on various topics.

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